文章摘要
丙烯酸酯乳液原位接枝共混高抗冲聚氯乙烯的制备与性能
Preparation and Properties of High Impact Polyvinyl Chloride Through Acrylate Latex in Situ Suspension Graft Copolymerization and Blending
  
DOI:10.16865/j.cnki.1000-7555.2018.02.021
中文关键词: 高抗冲聚氯乙烯  丙烯酸酯乳液  悬浮聚合  原位接枝共聚
英文关键词: high impact polyvinyl chloride  acrylate latex  suspension polymerization  in situ graft copolymerization
基金项目:
作者单位
夏宇正1,玉 恒1,石淑先1,李 波2,张德龙2,张治宁2 1.北京化工大学 碳纤维及功能高分子教育部重点实验室,北京 100029
2.新疆中泰化学股份有限公司研发中心,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830009 
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中文摘要:
      首先以丙烯酸丁酯、甲基丙烯酸甲酯为单体,1,4-丁二醇二甲基丙烯酸酯为交联剂,烯丙氧基壬基酚聚氧乙烯醚硫酸铵为反应型乳化剂,聚苯乙烯乳液为种子乳液,通过种子乳液聚合工艺,制得了粒径约200nm 且窄粒径分布的丙烯酸酯共聚物(ACR)乳液。然后将该ACR乳液直接加入氯乙烯的悬浮聚合体系中,制得了ACR乳液原位悬浮接枝共混型高抗冲聚氯乙烯(PVC)复合树脂。用红外光谱、差示扫描量热仪、扫描电子显微镜对树脂结构和形貌等进行了表征;考察了不同聚合温度下所得的ACR乳液对最终PVC复合树脂力学性能的影响;考察了悬浮聚合工艺中ACR乳液的加料顺序对悬浮聚合稳定性、PVC复合树脂的颗粒形态和力学性能的影响。结果表明,所得PVC复合树脂由ACR、氯乙烯在ACR上接枝所得共聚物及PVC均聚物组成,该原位增韧PVC复合树脂的抗冲性能提高非常显著。尤其是70 ℃乳液聚合所得ACR乳液用于氯乙烯的悬浮聚合,且当ACR质量分数为6.0%时的PVC复合树脂的缺口冲击强度可达常规SG-5型PVC树脂的7.4倍。此外,在氯乙烯单体液滴分散好后再加ACR乳液进行悬浮聚合,所得PVC复合树脂的颗粒形态和抗冲性能较好,且聚合过程中粘釜、粘轴现象。
英文摘要:
      Latices of acrylate copolymer resin (ACR) with the particle size about 200 nm and relatively narrow distribution was prepared through emulsion polymerization with butyl acrylate and methyl methacrylate as monomer, 1,4-butanediol dimethacrylate as crosslinker, allyloxmethyl nonylphenol ether sulfates as reactive emulsifier, and polystyrene latex as seed latex. Then, high impact polyvinyl chloride was obtained through acrylate latex in situ suspension graft copolymerization with vinyl chloride and blending. The structure and morphology of ACR-g-PVC were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimeter and scanning electron microscope. Effect of kinds of ACR latices, which were prepared at different temperatures of emulsion polymerization, on mechanical properties of ACR-g-PVC resin, and effect of ACR latex feeding sequence on stability of suspension polymerization, morphology and mechanical properties of ACR-g-PVC resin were investigated. The results show that PVC composite resin is composed of copolymer formed by vinyl chloride grafting on the ACR, homopolymer of vinyl chloride and ACR. Impact strength of PVC composite resin is improved remarkably by suspension graft copolymerization of ACR latex and vinyl chloride. When the mass fraction of ACR latex is 6.0%, the notched impact strength of the ACR-g-PVC resin is 7.4 times that of unmodified SG-5 PVC resin. Besides, if ACR latex is added after vinyl chloride monomer is dispersed well in situ suspension polymerization, the particle shape and impact strength of ACR-g-PVC resin are better than those of ACR latex added before. The most important thing is that no sticking kettle and shaft problem are found.
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