文章摘要
静电纺功能性纳米纤维材料的研究现状
Research Status for Preparation of Functional Electrospun Nanofibers
  
DOI:10.16865/j.cnki.1000-7555.2018.02.029
中文关键词: 静电纺丝  纳米纤维  功能性  改性
英文关键词: electrospinning  nanofiber  function  modification
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51503168);陕西省创新人才推进计划-青年科技新星项目(2017KJXX-23);山东省博士后创新项目专项资金资助项目(201504);西安工程大学纺织科学与工程学科建设经费(10709-0821)
作者单位
于 群,刘呈坤,李博昱,孙润军,陈美玉 西安工程大学 纺织科学与工程学院,陕西 西安 710048 
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中文摘要:
      考虑到当今时代人类需求的不断变化,制备高性能、多功能的纳米纤维材料已成为当前静电纺丝领域的研究热点。科研人员从纺丝液性质和后整理技术2个方面进行了大量研究,通过物理或化学改性手段均可使纳米纤维功能化,但纳米材料独特的性质也会为功能化技术带来不便,仍需进一步的研究。基于现有研究成果,文中系统综述了近年来功能性纳米纤维材料的主要制备手段,其中包括不同物质间的物理组合以及借助聚合还原反应进行化学键结合等,并对其未来发展进行了展望。
英文摘要:
      Considering changeable requirements of people nowadays, preparation of high-performance and multifunctional nanofibers has become a hot topic in electrospinning area. A great number of researches were made to functionalize the electrospun nanofibers in two aspects including polymer solution and finishing technology through chemical or physical modification methods. But unique properties of nanofiber will bring some downsides to functional technology, and some further studies are still need to be done. According to the existing relative documents, methods to prepare functional nanofibers, including physical combination between different substances and chemical bondingthrough polymerization reduction reaction, were systematically reviewed.The future of its development was also viewed.
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