文章摘要
基于没食子酸的树枝状高分子研究进展
Progress of Dendrimers Based on Gallic Acid
  
DOI:10.16865/j.cnki.1000-7555.2018.04.030
中文关键词: 没食子酸  树枝状大分子  功能化  生物医学
英文关键词: gallic acid  dendrimer  functionalization  biomedicine
基金项目:南京邮电大学引进人才基金(NY215069);南京邮电大学国自基金孵化基金(NY217099)
作者单位
安荣荣1, 刘承果2 1. 南京邮电大学 地理与生物信息学院江苏 南京 210023 2. 中国林业科学研究院林产化学工业研究所江苏 南京 210042 
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中文摘要:
      树枝状大分子是一类新型的合成高分子,具有高度支化、结构有序、单分散性等特点,因此在工业、农业、国防、生物医学、环境保护等众多领域具有重要的应用前景。然而,受地球化石资源储存日益下降和环境污染的双重影响,以天然可再生资源为原料合成高分子逐渐受到了人们的重视。文中介绍了近年来国内外基于没食子酸的树枝状高分子的合成及功能化研究,并对其在生物医学、光电材料、环境保护等方面的应用进行了概括综述,最后,对没食子酸树枝状高分子的未来发展进行了展望。
英文摘要:
      The dendrimer is a new type of synthetic polymers in recent years, which possesses highly branched, ordered structures and monodisperse characteristic. Therefore it is widely used in many areas such as industry, agriculture, national defense, biomedicine, and optoelectronic materials. However, due to the foreseeable limit of fossil feedstock and the increasing environmental concerns, there is a growing interest in developing polymeric materials from renewable resources. This paper firstly reported the synthesis and functionalization of gallic acid (GA)-based dendrimers, then reviewed the applications of these biobased dendrimers in biomedicine, optoelectronic materials, environmental protections, etc. Finally, the outlook of these novel dendrimers was proposed.
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